Carbon black haloing of clay and its influence on electrical and mechanical properties of epoxy composites
Studies of acetone-based suspensions suggest a synergistic stabilization of clay by carbon black (CB) that involves a haloing effect (i.e., CB surrounding clay). This unique microstructural development ultimately influences the electrical and mechanical properties of epoxy composites that contain both particles. With the addition of 0.5 wt.% clay, electrical conductivity increases by an order of magnitude for CB filled epoxy (relative to composites containing no clay), but no significant improvement is observed in storage modulus. Composites containing equal concentrations of CB and clay show reduced electrical conductivity, but significant improvement in storage modulus (relative to the composites containing equal amount (wt.%) of either CB or clay alone). Both electrical conductivity and storage modulus improve in composites containing a 1:2 clay:CB (wt/wt) ratio. This synergy between CB and clay is a useful tool for simultaneously improving the electrical and mechanical properties of solution-processed composites.
Etika, KC; Liu, L; Hess, LA; Grunlan, JC; Carbon 2009, 47, 3128.